Fractures In Bones Of The Face (Orthopedics In Facial Structures)

Fractures In Bones Of The Face Orthopedics In Facial Structures

The body is complex, starting from head to toe. Knowing this fact, surgeons must differentiate the bones of the face from the bones of the abdomen and lower regions. Surgery in the nasal bone may come from an oral and maxillofacial surgeon. However, other bones of the face may need other specialists as well. It is crucial to know the importance of learning the facial structure properly. Particularly, aspiring students of dentistry, medicine, and surgery must see their limits in treating injuries and fractures. Pain has lots of indications and symptoms that may relate to underlying medical conditions. Hence, this information may be used by both patients and professional experts when it comes to the bones of the face.


What Are The Vital Facial Bones?

The human anatomy of the facial skeleton contains various bones of the skull in which separate functions and identities are prevalent. Throughout these strong facial bones, fractures may be inevitable. A patient should know which bones are unilateral or bilateral, depending on the accident or injury. Although you may not find a quiz at the end of the article, it can be useful to remember these skull and cranial bones. Check out some other facts that revolve around the cranium and skeletal anatomy of the skull.

  • Zygomatic Bones

The skull has different bones that make up the whole zygomatic structure. Zygomaticomaxillary fractures are present in the Cheekbone (zygoma) and the upper jaw (maxilla). This part of the cranium supports the overall foundation of the facial features. It is paired with temporal bone, sphenoid, and frontal bone. Moreover, the outer border of the facial bones is mentioned in the rest of this article.  

  • Nasal Cavity

Fractures In Bones Of The Face

Several parts like the nose, vomer, and other forms of bones in the nose make up the nasal cavity of a person. Ethmoid sinuses separate the nasal cavity, which makes it unpaired. The location of ethmoid is found at the roof of the nasal area. An impacted wisdom tooth can also disorient the functions, not just nasal structures but other physiology of the bones of the face. Part of which is the vomer, ethmoid, sinuses, maxilla, and other facial bones. 

  • Frontal 

This portion of the cranium in the skull holds the brain. It also supports other cranial features with hard and soft bones included. The frontal bone also supports the nasal area, which is located anteriorly between the two orbital bones. Facial bones may have many parts like the frontal facial bones with three parts and subcategories under it.

  • Orbital

Notable bones and tissues found in the orbital facial bone are the lacrimal, which holds the tear ducts and glands in the skull. The eyes are the vital organs that the skull needs to protect. The orbital area of the skull consists of the eye nerves, eyelids, blood vessels, extraocular muscles, and fat. 

  • Mandible

The mandible is the lower jaw bone of the face. Notably, people with dental pain, such as temporomandibular joint disorder or TMJ affect the lower jaw. The mandible controls the eating, breathing, and speaking of a person. Mainly, those with maxillae issues can find an oral and maxillofacial surgeon to provide treatment for jaw pain. 


What Causes Problems In Bones Of The Face?

It may be best for an upcoming surgery student to study for board exams, quizzes using flashcards. However, learning anatomy is not just head knowledge. Nonetheless, it is essential to learn beyond the terms of cranium, skull, anatomy, and the skeleton. These facial problems in the bones of the face may help understand the source of the fracture. Moreover, the crucial work of an orthopedic and a doctor of the bones of the face must be concise and accurate. Any malpractice or miscalculation in the surgical procedure can affect the nerves, bones of the face, and other musculoskeletal systems of the body. 



The skull may be a hard bone to crack. Yet, a big blow in the part of the skull, like vehicular accidents, can have fatal consequences. As a line of thought for many professionals and patients, it is essential to study the bones bit by bit to gather better developments in the name of science. Hence, cases of accidents in the medical perspective can give ideas for automobile companies, furniture manufacturers, and other accident-prone activities to prevent the problem. 


Overcrowding of teeth can have a notable impact on the rest of the skull and anatomy of the face. The cranial bone can become inferior to the mandible or the nose bridge. With any of these disorders, it is possible to have health complications. Among which are sleep apnea, TMJD, cleft palate, tumors, and more. Tooth extraction may be one of the best treatments. An oral and maxillofacial surgeon should consider having an X-ray diagnosis on the skull and facial features to see the crack or chip fully. You can treat your malocclusion by having an orthodontic or periodontal treatment from your trusted doctor of dental surgery (DDS).


Bones Of The Face

Injury may come from sports, muscle cramps, dental injuries, and others. Once a person’s anatomy is disturbed, the nerve signals a painful sensation in the area destroyed. Most of the time, professional athletes and enthusiasts may need mouthguards, helmets, and other protective gear to support the skull. It is crucial to protect the skull from accidents and injury as bleeding and swelling can further complicate the skull condition. A patient with severe injury should visit an emergency hospital or clinic right away. Further crack in the bones of the face may also have a bacterial infection. 


Can Orthopedics Fix Facial Bones Structure?

Orthopedics is a medical branch that involves the study on the treatment of broken bones and realigning them. While it is useful to correct misalignments, it may be hazardous to adjust the bones without an operation. Thus, it is a must for a patient who had an injury to undergo surgical procedures first. Afterwards, recovery from nerve pain and damage in the muscles is a must. A tear in the lacrimal gland or fossa may lead to blurry vision and loss of eyesight if not treated right away. Thus, part of understanding human facial bones is to learn which treatments are applicable. Many young surgeons should understand that orthopedics may be a physiological treatment. Yet, surgery is still the main factor in correcting and treating fractures. The bones of the face may face many health problems that you can remember. At this rate, you may ace not just your quiz but also the essentials of understanding the human body’s facial bones. 

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