Is Jaw Alignment Surgery Necessary? (5 Best Techniques)

The patient visits a doctor for a consultation.

Jaw alignment surgery or orthognathic surgery is an invasive treatment for jaw and teeth misalignment. It helps improve a wide range of minor and significant skeletal and dental irregularities, including chewing, speaking, and breathing difficulties. Some choose Invisalign to alter the position of the teeth. However, a surgical procedure is perhaps the ideal treatment for you if you have a severe condition. Continue reading the article to know why you may need this procedure and the different types of corrective jaw surgery.

 

What Is Orthognathic Surgery?

Your jaw has two parts, including the upper jaw and the lower jaw. In some cases, kids foster misaligned jaws, bringing about crooked teeth and a bad bite.

Orthognathic surgery, also known as jaw surgery, can correct inconsistencies of the jaw bones and realigns the jaws and teeth to improve how they work. Doing these corrections may likewise enhance your facial appearance.

Another term for orthognathic surgery is corrective jaw surgery that may sometimes be necessary if a child’s jaws are seriously misaligned. Additionally, children who require surgery frequently get orthodontic treatment such as headgear and braces before and after corrective jaw surgery.

 

The Importance of Jaw Surgery

Having a great set of teeth and jaw is essential for your dental and overall health. Some teeth and jaw abnormalities are usually hereditary. However, it can likewise be influenced by long-term childhood habits such as mouth breathing or thumb sucking.

Some common instances of jaw misalignment that may need surgery include:

  • Overbite: when the upper jaw seriously sticks out over the lower jaw
  • Underbite: when the lower jaw extends excessively far forward
  • Open bite: lastly, it happens when the upper and lower teeth do not touch when you close your mouth.

Other indicators for corrective jaw surgery include:

  • Severe headaches related to jaw painThe doctor explains the jaw alignment surgery.
  • Constant jaw pain or jaw joint pain (TMJ)
  • Chronic mouth breathing and dry mouth
  • Difficulties chewing, biting, or swallowing
  • Certain birth defects
  • Breathing issues while sleeping or sleep apnea
  • Facial traumas or irregular facial appearance
  • Not having the option to close your lips without stressing them.
  • A lower jaw and chin that recede

 

Ideal Candidates For Corrective Jaw Surgery

Kids are commonly the best candidates for jaw surgery since their jaws are not completely evolved.

When the jaw fully develops in adulthood, treatment choices for extreme misalignment are restricted. Hence, an orthodontist may suggest jaw surgery at this phase of life.

 

Types of Jaw Surgeries

A few different kinds of jaw surgeries are accessible, depending on the seriousness of misalignment. Typically, these include:

 

Maxillary Osteotomy Surgery

Maxillary osteotomy surgery can correct a severely subsided upper jaw. An oral and maxillofacial surgeon creates a cut in the gums over the upper jaw’s teeth during the procedure.

Surgeons will cut, break, and move the upper jaw into the proper position. Then, they will join the little plastic wafer to the teeth to help adjust the upper jaw. Typically, they fix the jaw in place with metal plates and screws. In conclusion, upper jaw surgery can address a crossbite, overbite, and open bite in adults.

 

Mandibular Osteotomy

This jaw surgery addresses a severely retreated lower jaw. An oral and maxillofacial surgeon adjusts the lower jawbone forward or backward during the procedure, depending on the patient’s bite arrangement. Generally, a mandibular osteotomy can correct underbite conditions.

 

Genioplasty or Chin Surgery

Like mandibular osteotomies, genioplasties also correct seriously subsided lower jaws. During this process, a maxillofacial surgeon restructures the chin and jaw. Frequently, they combine lower jaw surgery and chin surgery into a similar activity.

 

TMD Surgery

Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD) causes extreme pain in the jaw and muscles that regulate jaw development. An arthrocentesis or arthroplasty surgery might be utilized to correct issues with the TMJ.

 

  • Arthrocentesis

Arthrocentesis applies sterile fluid to clean out the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). An oral and maxillofacial surgeon will reposition the jaw, realign the cartilage disc, and administer a steroid medication into the joint. The objective of the surgery is to return the cartilage disc to its proper area and eliminate any debris within the joint.

 

  • Arthroplasty

The most common procedure to address jaw joint disorder is an open-joint arthroplasty. During the strategy, an oral and maxillofacial surgeon will insert a small camera into a small cut that they made before the ear. Then, they eliminate any scar tissue encompassing the joint to alleviate pain.

 

How Much Does Orthognathic Surgery Cost?

The expense of jaw surgery usually runs between $20,000-$40,000. In any case, a surgical procedure to address the temporomandibular joint issue can cost up to $50,000.

 

Does The Procedure Hurt?

The patient visits her doctor annually.Before the method, a surgeon will administer general anesthesia. This guarantees you will not experience anything during the procedure. Most of the time, you cannot drive a vehicle for 48 hours post-operation.

Once you wake up, your gums, lip, and jaw will be numb for a couple of hours. Though, some individuals encounter numbness for quite a long time following medical procedures. This is because a surgeon cuts the nerves during the technique, which expects time to re-develop.

 

Recovery

After orthognathic surgical procedures, most patients can get back the next day. Though it takes about six weeks for the bones to fully recover. It is essential to take it easy to not irritate the plates and screws in the mouth.

The recovery timetable for corrective mouth surgery is as per the following:

  • For the initial two to three weeks after surgery, you may encounter some soreness and discomfort, which is normal. The swelling should lessen following about three weeks. Sometimes, swelling does not vanish for a while.
  • Ensure you get a lot of sleep, drink plenty of water, and adhere to your surgeon’s aftercare directions closely to promote a fast healing process.
  • Your surgeon or doctor may recommend some simple painkillers and antibiotics after you leave the hospital.

For the initial six to about two months after surgery, your diet should comprise of liquids only. This incorporates smoothies, pureed potatoes, soups, and frozen yogurt, among others. After your jaw fully recuperates, typical eating patterns can return.

 

 

References:

 

Jaw Surgery.

https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/jaw-surgery/about/pac-20384990

Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Syndrome (Temporomandibular Joint Disorder).

https://www.emedicinehealth.com/temporomandibular_joint_tmj_syndrome/article_em.htm

Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD).

https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/temporomandibular-disorder-tmd

What Does an Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon Do?

https://www.colgate.com/en-us/oral-health/adult-oral-care/oral-maxillofacial-surgery-and-the-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgeon

Joint Aspiration (Arthrocentesis).

https://www.medicinenet.com/joint_aspiration/article.htm

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