How To Tell If A Bone Is Fractured Or Bruised (6 Ways Orthopedists Know)

How To Tell If A Bone Is Fractured Or Bruised 6 Ways Orthopedists Know

How do you know if a swelling joint or leg is more than just a bruise? Patients with symptoms of a fractured or bruised bone may seek medical advice before looking for alternatives. A person with an athletic injury or a minor sprain can develop into swelling or inflammation of the bones if neglected. Moreover, it may be best for people to avoid having reflexology or chiropractic treatment if there are apparent signs of fractures. Are you able how to tell if a bone is fractured or bruised? If not, you may want to learn more about how orthopedics specialists can administer treatment through their medical expertise.


Two Major Types Of Body Damages

Urgent care for fractures and bruises are essential, especially if there are issues of bleeding or open bones that cut through the skin. Yet, there are instances that some bone damages like bruises may not show fracture symptoms. A patient should know which doctor or surgeon is the right medical practitioner for an emergency. It may be best to distinguish the two major types of body damages. You may also want to read ahead for the other symptoms to know how to tell if a bone is fractured or bruised. 


Muscle Contusion (Bruise)

A bruise is a minor to moderate muscle problem caused by a direct blow on the muscle that crushes fibers and connective tissues. The repetitive striking of the skin can also lead to bones, bleeding, and swelling. A contusion forms through blood clotting that are visible even in deep tissues. People that can get muscle contusion easily are people with overused muscles, hormonal problems, or have skin diseases.


Bone Fracture

How To Tell If A Bone Is Fractured Or Bruised

Fractures are generally termed as broken bones. There are many types and subcategories of bone fractures. Simple fractures are those broken bones with well aligned and stable pieces. Meaning, the bone may still be intact, but there are cracked or chipped bones that can lead to bigger ones. An unstable fracture is a broken bone caused by crushing due to vehicular accidents, compression, or tension that dislocates the spinal cord and other bones. Open fractures are the riskiest for infection as the bones cut through the skin. Lastly, greenstick fracture is a type of broken bone that is bent on one side, but it doesn’t break.


Orthopedists Ways On How To Tell If A Bone Is Fractured Or Bruised

Your orthopedist can suggest these following information to differentiate fracture from a bruise on your legs, joints, hips, ankles, feet, and other areas. Ultimately, the primary way how an orthopedist can tell if your bone is fractured or bruised is through an X ray or MRI scan. A patient may expect a clinic or hospital with the appropriate equipment to determine the bone’s condition. Furthermore, a surgeon should be the medical health care practitioner to treat these fractures or bruises to avoid risks.


Fractured Bone:

  • Bones protruding from the skin
  • Pain when pressure is applied
  • Bleeding muscles with a feeling of dislocation


Bruised Bones:

  • Change in skin color of the affected area
  • Swelling on the bruise
  • Pain and tenderness


Which Bones Are At Risk?

  • Tailbone

Responsible for providing support for the pelvis and holding it in place. The coccyx or tailbone can be damaged by falling from the stairs or a ladder. People seldom have tailbone fractures since the large mass of Gluteus Maximus (buttocks) tissues protect the tailbone. Notably, more women have tailbone issues than men due to their menstrual periods. Yet, men are also prone to tailbone problems due to physical exhausting from sports and other dangerous activities.


  • Chest

The rib, which holds as the cage for the chest, can quickly get the infection through open fractures. Sternum broken bones are common for vehicular accidents through seatbelt malfunctions and crushing from high impact sports. People with osteoporosis, menopausal women, and steroid users are more susceptible to having a broken chest.


  • Legs, Hands, And Feet

The difference of injury on a person’s legs, hands, and feet are all connected to the many joints and fragments in the person’s skeletal system. People always use these three body parts daily and are prone to break from a fall or accident. It is more painful to have little injuries in this area as it may lead to bone loss.


Who Treats Broken Or Bruised Bones?

Initially, people will think that any medical doctor is qualified for treatment. Although this fact may be true, orthopedics focuses on the correct analysis, diagnosis, and treatment. An orthopedic doctor and surgeon should first determine the injury via a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan or a pre-operative X ray process. Afterward, the proper therapy or surgery may need pre-operative care. Patients that may not have the same day treatment are responsible for avoiding activities that may complicate their surgery. Some of which are smoking, sleeping late before a scheduled appointment, or alcohol intake. Rehabilitation after the therapy is also crucial for complete recovery and healing.


What Are The Types Of Orthopedic Treatments?


Upon consultation with your hospital, a patient must expect several treatments according to how the body was damaged. An emergency needs professional medical help rather than just relying on home remedies. It is vital to call the emergency hotline to immediately ask for medical assistance from a clinic or a hospital to stop bleeding and infection.



Initially, a person may need to have cast on the foot or wrist if there are minor symptoms of bone fractures. A person with a sprain or strained ankle can also have casting through splints or casts made of fiberglass or plaster of Paris. It will help immobilize the limb and prevent movement that can cause swelling or bleeding. 


Surgery Through Fixation

How To Tell If A Bone Is Fractured Or Bruised Orthopedic

Fixation is a surgical process for common injuries and fractures in the pelvis, femur, limbs, and bone deformities. Fixation can either be open or external. The procedure is first done by realigning bone fragments and holding together by screws, wires, nails, and plates. It may be possible for a person with an open fixation to get discharged immediately. However, severe concussions and injuries may take weeks to months, depending on the person’s health situation. On the contrary, external fixation has a stabilizing frame to hold the bones together outside the skin. It is usually done for patients with multiple fractures and doesn’t have the health condition due to the pain in surgery.


Skin Traction

Skin traction is a semi-surgical process that focuses on the realigning of bones, muscles, joints, and tendons. The technique available for traction involves surgical tapes, splints, and bandages that help skin tissues to heal quickly. 

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