Bone grafting is a surgical procedure in repairing and rebuilding damaged bones with the use of transplanted bone. The bone can be taken from any part of the body such as the hips, ribs, and legs. In dentistry, bone grafting is the process of increasing the bone mass in the jaw before dental implant surgery. Unfortunately, there are possible bone graft dental side effects that might concern you. Read more here and find out the complications of this procedure.
Understanding Dental Bone Graft
Dental bone grafting can be done in several ways. However, the primary procedure includes the basic process, the incision of a grafted bone into the jaw. In some cases, a synthetic bone can be used as well.
The treatment is usually performed on patients with missing teeth or gum disease. These dental problems can affect the bone mass in the jaw and cause it to decrease.
Dental surgeons prefer to use the patient’s very own bone coming from different parts of the body. There are four different kinds of bone graft, each of them has its own advantages and drawbacks:
- Autografts- These are the bones taken from the hips or jaw. Autografts are the most commonly used graft as they are far more efficient in dental bone grafting.
- Allografts- These are grafts from a donor or a different person.
- Xenografts- Xenografts are taken from other living species like cows and pigs.
- Alloplastic- Alloplasts are grafts made from synthetic materials.
Who Needs Dental Bone Graft
Bone grafting is not always the recommended procedure for dental patients. Your dentist will only suggest a dental bone graft if you have the following conditions:
- Candidates for dental implant surgery. Before dental implant surgery, people with a missing tooth commonly undergo bone grafting first. Dental implant surgery requires strong bones in the jaw before the placement of artificial roots. The roots are used to provide support for the fake tooth that will replace the missing one. Over the past few years, a lot of people who received implants underwent bone graft procedures first.
- Tooth loss or gum disease. Patients with gum disease that causes their jaw bone to deteriorate also need bone grafting. This is to prevent bone loss to cause more damage to the teeth and gum tissue. Bone grafting may be necessary to avoid the emergence of complications to nearby dental sites. If the condition is not treated immediately, problems like tooth loss and weak gums could occur.
- Bone loss. People who experience bone loss will experience significant changes in their appearance. Losing bone mass can cause the face to look different than its normal appearance. It may also cause wrinkles in the skin right under the jaw and make you look older than your actual age. Bone loss is a common condition in adults because our bones are naturally thinning as we get older.
Be sure to consult your dentist if a bone graft is a right fit for you. Don’t forget to ask about the side effects that it might cause you so you can prepare for what’s to come.
Common Side Effects Of Bone Graft
The bone graft should heal on its own within a month after the procedure. With proper care and a healing process, you should be able to fully enjoy eating and chewing a few weeks after it’s done to you. Normally, bone graft dental side effects could follow:
- Swollen gums
- Bruised skin of the treated site
- Bleeding. If the bleeding is excessive, call your dentist right away.
- Trouble eating, speaking, chewing, and biting.
- Pain and discomfort that might last for 2 weeks.
Apart from the obvious side effects, bone grafting could also pose complications in health such as:
- Reaction to anesthesia that might affect its efficiency.
- Inflammation in the grafted area.
- Infection that might lead to several complications.
- Injured nerves
- Your body might not accept the bone graft.
- Lastly, your body reabsorbs the graft.
- Sinus problems.
- Blood clots.
Bone Grafting Procedure
So how is it done? Generally, bone graft procedure is done through the following:
- First, you will receive anesthesia to numb the treatment site. Anesthetics could come in different varieties, general anesthesia, regional anesthesia, sedation, and local anesthesia. Talk to your dentist if you prefer a certain type of anesthetics for your surgery.
- Your vital signs will be checked and monitored during the whole procedure.
- To give space for the bone graft, your gums will be incised and separated from the bone.
- The graft will be inserted between two parts of the bone.
- A special adhesive material will be used to secure the bone graft in its place.
- The incision will be sewn up for a faster healing process.
Bone grafting comes in three different procedures. Depending on the condition of the patient, the dentist might recommend one of the following:
- Sinus lift. Bone loss the emerges in the upper molars causes the sinus to move down. Bone grafting resolves this condition by lifting the sinus back up to its original position which restores the stability of the upper jaw.
- Socket graft. A bone graft procedure is also done during tooth extraction, this is to prevent the bone loss that might occur after a tooth is removed.
- Block bone graft. When there is a significant bone loss in the front jaw, a block bone graft might follow.
To make sure that the treated site heal properly, be sure to follow your dentist’s aftercare instructions. The list is typically composed of the things that you should and should not do after the surgery. You will also be advised to avoid certain types of foods that might have a huge impact on your recovery. For further reading please visit https://sydneydentalgroup.com.au/dental-implants-baulkham-hills.